Neuromodulation, the use of electricity to change the function of nerves, is one of the most exciting and promising developments in the world of neurosurgery and neurology to have arisen in the 21st century. The leading expert in neuromodulation for the brain and spine is King’s College Hospital Neurosurgeon, Mr Keyoumars Ashkan. This form of specialist treatment and alternative to surgery is now being used successfully to treat a range of conditions including Parkinson’s and intractable pain. Neuromodulation essentially involves the use of electricity, delivered into specific parts of the brain, spine or the nerves to change their function. This section explains how electricity has been used through the centuries to change the functions of the body and how, in modern times, neuromodulation can be used to treat a whole spectrum of medical conditions.

For access to a number of top neurosurgeons specialising in neuromodulation click here.