Research from the University of Nottingham have identified genetic markers that could potentially be used to more successfully diagnose brain tumours, particularly in children. The study, looking at Central Nervous System Primitive Neuro-ectodermal Brain Tumours (CNS PNET), was conducted by Professor Richard Grundy from the University of Nottingham’s Children’s Brain Tumour Research Centre and has been published in Lancet Oncology.
Treatments for CNS PNET are relatively unsuccessful and can have extreme side effects; it is hoped that by understanding the causes of these tumours it may improve the treatments offered. During the study, Prof Grundy collected 142 CNS PNET samples from around the world and looked at their genetics. This led to the discovery that there are three sub-types of CNS PNET and that there are two distinct genetic markers.
These two markers give hope for more effective diagnosis tools, predicting the outcomes and improving the prognosis for young children with brain tumours. Samantha Dickson Brain Tumour Trust supported the work and said “It is great to see that understanding of these tumours is improving…”