Due to recent developments in the treatment of paediatric tumours, the good news is that most children can be cured. Approximately one to two children per 10,000 are diagnosed with cancer each year. Clearly this is a very serious diagnosis and a few decades ago only a small percentage of these children would have survived, but luckily things have moved on rapidly.
The cause of cancer in children is mostly unknown and only a very small percentage can be explained by genetic syndromes and conditions. This section headed by the UK’s leading children’s hospital specialists explains the different types of paediatric cancer and benign tumours and emphasises the nature of recent developments in the new treatment modalities as well as those treatments currently undergoing clinical trials. In many cases it is now possible for there to be a good prognosis and most children can be cured.