Published July 14th, 2014 | Last updated July 15th, 2014
The heart commands a special and powerful significance in our cultureThe growth within a laboratory of microbes, organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye.. In ancient times the heart was considered to be the basis of life itself, the seat of thought, reason and emotion. Shakespeare coined phrases about the heart that we still use today and the idea that our feelings and imagination emanate from the heart is deeply ingrained.
Published June 27th, 2014 | Last updated July 14th, 2014
The instant availability of information means that most people on finding themselves ill turn to the internet, in other words, 'you Google it'. The difficulty is that any search is likely to bring up over a million results and so separating the wheat from the chaff could potentially be a lengthy task. So, in order to avoid having to wade through reams of irrelevant links, the trick is to be as specific as possible when it comes to typing your search and this will depend on the precise nature of the need.
Published June 4th, 2014 | Last updated June 23rd, 2014
The Hip Replacement Menu
If you need to have a hip replaced the chances are that you will have no view on which type of hip replacement, and what type of operation you should have. At the end of the day, you will probably end up getting what your surgeon recommends. However, every surgeon has their own different and sometimes unique approach. There are hundreds of different types of hip prosthesisAn artificial device attached to the body., and many different surgical approaches - from computer navigation - to the tailor-made hip.
Published August 9th, 2013 | Last updated June 3rd, 2014
The Implications of Chronic Illness are Profound
A chronicA disease of long duration generally involving slow changes. illness is one that can be controlled but not cured and chronic illnesses are the biggest causes of premature death. A WHO report back in 2005 forecast that approximately 17 million people die prematurely each year as a result of chronic disease. These chronic diseases include the following pathologies:
Published June 22nd, 2012 | Last updated September 19th, 2012
In 1982, world-renowned vet Dr Bruce Fogle, and Lady Beatrice Wright of the Royal National Institute for Deaf People (now called Action on Hearing Loss), introduced to the UK a charity that has gone on to radically change the lives of over 1600 deaf people right across the country.
The scheme was launched following a trip to the USA where Bruce attended an event at Washington State University where he came across the American Hearing Dog Scheme. This scheme involved training dogs to alert deaf people to a range of sounds in the home, workplace, and public buildings.
Published June 19th, 2012 | Last updated June 19th, 2012
As the days are at their longest, my sleep is at its shortest and it’s got me wondering about how much sleep I actually need. I have often stated that without the recommended 8 hours I am a zombie, but who recommended those magical 8 hours, and are they right for everyone?
Published May 2nd, 2012 | Last updated February 10th, 2014
This week (30th April - 6th May) is MSmultiple sclerosis Awareness Week and the Multiple Sclerosis Trust are reminding people to Be Bold in Blue in order to raise awareness of this common neurological
Associated with the nervous system and the brain.
condition, the most common condition of its kind in the UK. Senior doctors have warned that not enough is known about MS and that most people in the country do not understand the symptoms of multiple sclerosisA progressive disease of the central nervous system., nor its prognosisAn assessment of the likely progress of a condition. or treatment.
Published March 14th, 2012 | Last updated August 22nd, 2012
The informed patient in the UK is now not only finding access to top quality medical information and treatment options for their diagnosisThe process of determining which condition a patient may have., but is being offered a choice of consultant with whom to have their treatment on the NHS.
Published February 10th, 2012 | Last updated February 10th, 2012
There certainly was a chill in the air this morning and the early commute was full of the usual suspects: sleepy, sneezy, coughy… At this time of year, leading medical experts advise us that influenzaA viral infection affecting the respiratory system. does not have to be a fundamental part of the winter season.
Professor Kimberlin of the University of Birmingham, Alabama, USA writes that “Each year, an average of 24,000 people in the United States start the flu season alive and by the end of it have been killed by it…” He believes that this number could be greatly declined by getting an annual flu shot – available at most times of the year.
Published January 9th, 2012 | Last updated February 11th, 2014
After the champagne has been popped, the chocolates scoffed, and the has clock struck 12 to hearld in New Year’s Day, the nation begins a tidal wave of all things healthy: from gym memberships to crazy celeb diets. Before you begin to starve yourself into oblivion it would be wise to know which fads are fantastic, and which are just fiction.
Published December 21st, 2011 | Last updated December 21st, 2011
Although Christmas Phobia may not be an officially recognised medical condition I, for one, know that the anxiety and panic induced by the arrival of Saint Nick are very real. Graham Price, a Chartered Psychologist and Stress Management Consultant, writes that a phobia is an “irrational fear that generates anxiety whenever we’re exposed to the thing we fear.” Christmas can be one of these fears except that it has not been named as such.
Published December 2nd, 2011 | Last updated December 2nd, 2011
Numerous symptoms which patients may consult with their doctors about have no obvious physical cause leading to confusion on both the side of the patient and the doctor. Many of these, Shakespeare claimed, were due to psychological problems resulting in emotional effects on the body.
Published October 28th, 2011 | Last updated June 17th, 2014
So, another Breast Cancer Awareness Month is drawing to a close and the healthcare industry is hoping that all of us have learnt something. Despite this, it appears that the facts surrounding breast cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body.screeningA way to identify people who may have a certain condition, among a group of people who may or may not seem to are more controversial than ever. How can all women, including our mothers and grandmothers, be made aware of the risks and benefits involved in screening?
Published October 14th, 2011 | Last updated June 22nd, 2012
The scientific evidence on the theory that curry induces labour is sparse to say the least. Numerous methods of inducing labour have been suggested over the years but do they have any basis in fact or are they all a coincidence?
Published September 30th, 2011 | Last updated February 11th, 2014
I certainly discovered something new about cholesterolA substance present in many tissues and an important constituent of cell membranes although high concentrations of a certain type of cholesterol in the blood are unhealthy. and healthy eating last week during National Cholesterol Week. For example, did you know that cholesterol is needed to manufacture vitaminEssential substances that cannot be produced by the body and so must be acquired from the diet. D and sex hormones? Too much cholesterol, however, can be very damaging to your health and can result in heart disease, strokeAny sudden neurological problem caused by a bleed or a clot in a blood vessel. and circulatory disease.
Juvenile idiopathicOf unknown cause.arthritisInflammation of one or more joints of the body. (JIA) describes a group of conditions characterised by chronicA disease of long duration generally involving slow changes. arthritis in children. Systemic JIA is the subset of JIA with the worst long-term prognosisAn assessment of the likely progress of a condition. and this is the most serious type of childhood arthritis.
Published April 15th, 2011 | Last updated March 20th, 2012
Anyone who, through injury or disability, is unfortunate enough to rely on crutches to get around will be all too familiar with the extreme pain that normal crutch grips can cause to the hands. Frequently, people who have suffered an injury say that the pain caused by the broken ankle or torn ligaments is nothing compared to the pain caused by the subsequent use of crutches. This was the experience of engineer Chris Slack, who explains here how a rugby injury led to the invention of a simple device that allows standard crutches to be modified to prevent painful and blistered hands.
Pain in the chest is a worrying symptom. It can have a simple and relatively harmless cause, such as indigestionDiscomfort after eating. or muscleTissue made up of cells that can contract to bring about movement. strain, but it can also be caused by a heart attackThe death of a section of heart muscle caused by an interruption in its blood supply. Also called a myocardial infarction., an alarming and potentially life-threatening condition. It is therefore extremely important to find out quickly and precisely what is causing any chest pain but it can often be difficult for doctors to reach a diagnosisThe process of determining which condition a patient may have. based simply on the symptoms and medical history. A new laboratory test called Troponin greatly assists with this task.
The aim of clinical trials is to discover if a drug or type of treatment is safe, has side effects, and works better than established treatments. They offer important opportunities for patients to access the most innovative treatments for cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body., giving them the best possible chance of survival or extended life, and they are an essential part of developing the cancer treatments of the future.
Cancer Research UK funded scientists have discovered four new geneticRelating to the genes, the basic units of genetic material. variants linked to bowelA common name for the large and/or small intestines.cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. by combining data from three major genome studies, a study published in Nature Genetics shows. Pooling the data in this way created the largest study of its kind, involving over 45,000 volunteers with and without bowel cancer, allowing previously undetected genetic sites to be pinpointed.
Pathology, according to The Royal College of Pathologists is; “the hidden science that every day saves lives by helping doctors to make the right decisions.”
As Dr Nigel Kellow points out in his excellent ‘Pain Management’ article, there are laboratory tests for pretty well every known substance in the body. These substances are normally either supposed to be present, or depending on amount mark a certain pathological (disease) state. As a result, laboratory testing combined with symptoms is the traditional first step to making a medical diagnosisThe process of determining which condition a patient may have..