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24 October 2014 | Last updated 4 minutes ago.
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What are the Treatments for Atrial Fibrillation (AF)?

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Treatments for Atrial Fibrillation (AF)

Catheter ablation for AF is usually the preferred approach and this involves pulmonary veinA blood vessel that carries blood towards the heart. isolation (PVI) to insulate the heart from erratic electrical activity. This article explains the latest medical approaches for treating paroxysmal atrial fibrillationA common abnormal heart rhythm causing a rapid, irregular pulse and failure of the upper chambers of the heart (atria) to pump properly. Abbreviated to AF. including the drugs and types of interventional procedures.
 

There is little difference in long term outcomes between minimally invasive surgeryA type of surgery that aims to limit the amount of trauma to the patient; for example, keyhole surgery. Abbreviated to MIS. and cryoablation. Should ice now be the preferred option for renalRelating to the kidney. cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. patients?

Sepsis causes 37,000 deaths each year in the UK. Early identification via wireless sensors of sepsisInfection of a wound or body tissue with bacteria that leads to the formation of pus or to the multiplication of bacteria in the blood. and intervention within the first hour can double the chance of survival.

Featured conditions

Cataract

Senior Ophthalmologists advise on latest treatments for Cataracts

Cataracts - where cloudy patches develop over the front of the eye causing blurred vision, are associated with advancing age and are estimated to affect over half of people older than 65 years. In most patients both eyes will need correcting and the preferred method in most cases is Immediate Sequential Bilateral Cataract Surgery or ISBCS as everything can be fixed by a single visit to the operating theatre and the whole episode of visualRelating to the sense of sight (vision). rehabilitationThe treatment of a person with an illness or disability to improve their function and health. is much shorter. Surgery for cataracts has improved steadily over the past few decades and it has become the most common surgical procedure in the UK.

Expert Cataract Information:

 

Heart Rhythm Disorders

Heart Rhythm Disorders, or cardiacRelating to the heart arrhythmias, are caused by your heart beating irregularly. This can cause symptoms of palpitationsThe feeling when you become aware of your heartbeat - when frightened, for example. (a sense that the heart is beating abnormally and uncomfortably), breathlessness, occasionally chest pains, dizziness and even blackouts, although some patients may not be aware of having an arrhythmiaAny form of disturbance to the heart's normal regular beat. Most forms of heart rhythm disorders are now well understood and effective treatments can be offered for both benignNot dangerous, usually applied to a tumour that is not malignant. and serious disorders. The different classifications and treatments for arrhythmias are covered by leading heart specialists in this section.

Foot

There are a number of different problems that can affect the foot, from bunions to heel pain to sporting injuries.This section by the relevant medical experts discusses a range of the latest treatment options.

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Hip conditions

The information in this section has been written exclusively by senior Orthopaedic Consultants who specialise in hip replacement surgery. They explain the range of implants and procedures that are available for hip replacement and their own personal surgical approach.

Orthopaedic Surgeons specialising in Hip Replacement, discuss "My Choice of Hip Replacement":

London Cardiologist, Dr Oliver Segal provides the expert guide to preparing for a consultation with a heart specialist or consultant. He says, "be prepared". He reminds us that a visit to a cariologist is probably the most important event in life at that time.

Precision cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. treatment - using imaging technology to diagnose and precisely target cancer, interventional oncology has now become established as the 4th pillar of cancer treatment alongside medical treatments (such as chemotherapyThe use of chemical substances to treat disease, particularly cancer.), surgery and radiationEnergy in the form of waves or particles, including radio waves, X-rays and gamma rays. (radiotherapyThe treatment of disease using radiation.).

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