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18 December 2014 | Last updated 14 hours, 10 minutes ago.
Featured article

Why do Patients with Breast Cancer need Gene Testing?

By Contact

The Practical Application of Genetic Biomarkers in the Individualised Treatment of Breast Cancer

The latest diagnostic and prognostic technology allows clinicians to define appropriate treatment regimens based entirely on the needs and DNAThe building blocks of the genes in almost all living organisms - spelt out in full as deoxyribonucleic acid. of the individual patient. Choice of breast cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. treatment increasingly depends on your personal mix of geneThe basic unit of genetic material carried on chromosomes. markers and there is now a new diagnostic test (the EndoPredict) that can provide important information about the way that a tumourAn abnormal swelling. is likely to behave at a geneticRelating to the genes, the basic units of genetic material. level.

Fibroids patients are being invited to get involved with patient engagement research so that their views can help other women. Gift vouchers are being provided for eligible patients who can help.

Mr William Townley, Consultant Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon explains the options from Botulinum toxinA substance poisonous to the body. to surgery for patients with facial nerveBundle of fibres that carries information in the form of electrical impulses. damage.

Featured conditions

Cataract

Senior Ophthalmologists advise on latest treatments for Cataracts

Cataracts - where cloudy patches develop over the front of the eye causing blurred vision, are associated with advancing age and are estimated to affect over half of people older than 65 years. In most patients both eyes will need correcting and the preferred method in most cases is Immediate Sequential Bilateral Cataract Surgery or ISBCS as everything can be fixed by a single visit to the operating theatre and the whole episode of visualRelating to the sense of sight (vision). rehabilitationThe treatment of a person with an illness or disability to improve their function and health. is much shorter. Surgery for cataracts has improved steadily over the past few decades and it has become the most common surgical procedure in the UK.

Expert Cataract Information:

 

Heart Rhythm Disorders

Heart Rhythm Disorders, or cardiacRelating to the heart arrhythmias, are caused by your heart beating irregularly. This can cause symptoms of palpitationsThe feeling when you become aware of your heartbeat - when frightened, for example. (a sense that the heart is beating abnormally and uncomfortably), breathlessness, occasionally chest pains, dizziness and even blackouts, although some patients may not be aware of having an arrhythmiaAny form of disturbance to the heart's normal regular beat. Most forms of heart rhythm disorders are now well understood and effective treatments can be offered for both benignNot dangerous, usually applied to a tumour that is not malignant. and serious disorders. The different classifications and treatments for arrhythmias are covered by leading heart specialists in this section.

Foot

There are a number of different problems that can affect the foot, from bunions to heel pain to sporting injuries.This section by the relevant medical experts discusses a range of the latest treatment options.

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Hip conditions

The information in this section has been written exclusively by senior Orthopaedic Consultants who specialise in hip replacement surgery. They explain the range of implants and procedures that are available for hip replacement and their own personal surgical approach.

Orthopaedic Surgeons specialising in Hip Replacement, discuss "My Choice of Hip Replacement":

London Cardiologist, Dr Oliver Segal provides the expert guide to preparing for a consultation with a heart specialist or consultant. He says, "be prepared". He reminds us that a visit to a cariologist is probably the most important event in life at that time.

Precision cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. treatment - using imaging technology to diagnose and precisely target cancer, interventional oncology has now become established as the 4th pillar of cancer treatment alongside medical treatments (such as chemotherapyThe use of chemical substances to treat disease, particularly cancer.), surgery and radiationEnergy in the form of waves or particles, including radio waves, X-rays and gamma rays. (radiotherapyThe treatment of disease using radiation.).

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