Jaundice in babies is very common, but will only lead to brain damage or 'kernicterus' when the bilirubin levels in the blood get so high that it starts to cross over from the blood and become deposited in the brain. Luckily, kernicterus is extremely rare nowadays due to advances in antenatal and postnatal medical management of women and their at-risk babies.
Conditions and Treatment Options
This section is slightly different from other sections on totalhealth as it looks at the application of a technique across a range of specialisms from ankles to the heart. Keyhole surgery warrants a section of its own as this is the direction that most skilled surgeons have moved towards where possible.
Considerable advances have been made in the treatment of kidney cancer in recent years. The information in this section provides an overview of some of the latest methods for treating cancer of the kidney.
Our Consultant Knee and Orthopaedic Surgeons discuss the treatment options for common knee injuries, whether of the bone or soft tissue, and degenerative knee complaints such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Liver cancer is an aggressive form of cancer but treatment is often complicated by the proximity of the liver to other vital organs of the body. Furthermore, metastases can spread to or from other parts of the body including the bowel.
Lung cancer is one of the most commonly occurring types of cancer. The information in this section has been written by leading Consultants who specialise in treating this disease. It provides an overview of the latest methods for diagnosing and treating lung cancer.
Lymphoma is blood cancer that starts in the lymph glands or other organs of the lymphatic system. There are a number of different types of lymphoma and the treatment will vary depending on the exact type.
The information in this section provides an overview of the latest methods for diagnosing and treating lymphoma.
The menopause is when a woman stops having periods. For most women menopause occurs around the age of 51 years, although it can happen sooner. Although it is a completely natural part of ageing, it can be a distressing time for some women and can cause several unwanted symptoms.
Malignant mesothelioma is a cancer of the lining of the chest wall and lungs. It is usually caused by exposure to asbestos, even for a short period of time, and it occurs many years (even 30 or 40) after the initial exposure took place.
Neuromodulation, the use of electricity to change the function of nerves, is one of the most exciting and promising developments in the world of neurosurgery and neurology to have arisen in the 21st century.
Neurosurgery (including Gamma Knife)
There have been remarkable recent improvements across many medical disciplines, and neurosurgery is no exception. The first approach for any patient, especially when the brain and nerves are involved should be to start with the least invasive options first and only move forward to neurosurgery if required.
Obesity and BMI
What is a 'normal' Body Mass Index (BMI) and what are the health implications of being over the normal range? In this section there are articles from a surgeon who specialises in obesity management, a dietician and a senior oncological gynaecologist.
Cancer of the mouth arises from the mucosal lining (squamous epithelium) of the oral cavity. Smoking, alcohol consumption and betel quid chewing are the most important risk factors. Almost a quarter of the newly diagnosed cancers in men from Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are located in the head and neck region.
The articles on totalhealth have been written by experts in osteoarthritis specifically for patients.
Osteoporosis is a lessening of the bone material (bone density) and therefore weakening of the bones meaning that patients with osteoporosis are more prone to bone fracture. Bone is a living material with cells called osteoclasts responsible for removing worn material and osteoblasts are the bone building cells.