Millions of children to be vaccinated against diarrhoea and pneumonia

The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) announced today that 16 extra developing nations, including twelve African countries, will receive funding to carry out immunisation against diarrhoea and pneumonia. By 2015 GAVI plans to immunise over 90 million children with pneumococcal vaccines.

Thirty seven nations have been approved for funding for a variety of vaccines. The primary immunisations are against rotavirus and pneumococcal disease (the cause of pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis); other vaccines include the pentavalent vaccine against diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus and hepatitis B.

Rotavirus leads to death in over half a million children annually due to severe diarrhoea as a result of the rotavirus infection. Rotavirus vaccines were introduced to Mexico in 2006 and, in the five years since the vaccine was rolled out the number of children under five who died from diarrhoea has fallen by 46%.

The external opening of the back passage, the rectum. Full medical glossary
When bowel evacuation happens more often than usual, or where the faeces are abnormally liquid. Full medical glossary
A severe respiratory infection due to a bacterium that can cause difficulty breathing and swallowing as well as inflammation of the heart and nervous system Full medical glossary
Inflammation to the liver with accompanying damage to liver cells. Full medical glossary
Invasion by organisms that may be harmful, for example bacteria or parasites. Full medical glossary
Inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, due to infection Full medical glossary
Relating to the bacterium Streptococcus pneumonia. Full medical glossary
Inflammation of one or both lungs. Full medical glossary
A type of virus that is one of the causes of gastroenteritis, especially in young children. Full medical glossary
Infection of a wound or body tissue with bacteria that leads to the formation of pus or to the multiplication of bacteria in the blood. Full medical glossary
The means of producing immunity by stimulating the formation of antibodies. Full medical glossary
A microbe that is only able to multiply within living cells. Full medical glossary