The cervixAny neck-like structure; most commonly refers to the neck of the uterus. is the lower part of the wombThe uterus.. It is sometimes referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. is the second most common cancer in women world-wide, second only to breast cancer, and in some developing countries it is the commonest. An estimated half a million women are diagnosed with cervicalRelating either to the cervix (the neck of the womb) or to the cervical vertebrae in the neck (cervical spine). cancer each year, approximately 80% of whom are in the developing world. About 300 thousand women die of this condition every year.
In countries like the United Kingdom, cervical cancer has become a lot less common. This is because there is a National Screening Program which aims to prevent cervical cancer. Experts predict that cervical screeningA way to identify people who may have a certain condition, among a group of people who may or may not seem to saves up to 4,500 lives a year in England, and up to 5,000 a year in the UK as a whole