In the UK there is one person suffering a strokeAny sudden neurological problem caused by a bleed or a clot in a blood vessel. every five minutes. The perceived medical wisdom surrounding the effective treatment of this potentially fatal, if not highly debilitating event is around 'time to needle' and the use of a clotBlood that has coagulated, that is, has moved from a liquid to a solid state. busting drug called alteplase. Alteplase, sometimes known as tissueA group of cells with a similar structure and a specialised function. plasminogen activator or TPA is a thrombolytic drug that is injected into a veinA blood vessel that carries blood towards the heart. by reperfusionRestoration of blood flow through a previously blocked vessel..
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a painful, progressiveContinuously increasing in extent or severity. form of inflammatory arthritisInflammation of one or more joints of the body. that affects young people. The spine is most commonly affected but other joints, tendons and ligaments can also be affected. Symptoms usually start in late teens and early 20s and it can currently take 7-10 years to get an accurate diagnosisThe process of determining which condition a patient may have.. There is no cure for AS but symptoms can be managed with medication and appropriate exercise. Left untreated, AS can become chronicA disease of long duration generally involving slow changes., disabling and will cause irreversible spinal damage.
Consultant Breast Surgeon, Simon Marsh has provided a thorough and useful guide for women who are concerned on finding a lump in their breast. The first question to ask on finding a lump is - "What should I do?". Mr Marsh says, "It is completely understandable that you might worry about the possibility of breast cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. if you find a lump, but remember; most lumps are not cancer.
It has been known for some time that depressionFeelings of sadness, hopelessness and a loss of interest in life, combined with a sense of reduced emotional well-being is more common in women than men, but it is also more common in women at times of hormonal fluctuations such as:
It is no great surprise that a new study has found that active methods of commuting to work such as walking and cycling are linked to lower body weights and body fatOne of the three main food constituents (with carbohydrate and protein), and the main form in which energy is stored in the body. compositions than those who drive. However, the research in question has also found that these health benefits are also shared by people who commute to work by public transport.
Scientists at Queen's University Belfast have made a breakthrough in the fight against the most antibiotic resistantA microbe, such as a type of bacteria, that is able to resist the effects of antibiotics or other drugs. hospital superbugs.
Women's health expert, Professor John Studd points out the increasing amount of important data that supports the need for hormoneA substance produced by a gland in one part of the body and carried by the blood to the organs or tissues where it has an effect. therapy, Currently more than 2% of surgical procedures to replace the knee or hip have to be repeated within three years.
Women often suffer from depressionFeelings of sadness, hopelessness and a loss of interest in life, combined with a sense of reduced emotional well-being at times of hormonal fluctuation such as prior to menstruationThe shedding of the lining of the uterus (period), as part of the female reproductive cycle. or after childbirth. Hormone-related mood changes can be effectively and simply treated by a correction of the underlying hormonal changes using hormoneA substance produced by a gland in one part of the body and carried by the blood to the organs or tissues where it has an effect. therapy. However, often women with hormone-responsive depression will still have hormone levels within normal range. As a result, doctors can often overlook or dismiss the association between mood and hormones.
We all know how important it is for our overall health to take regular exercise and it can be frustrating when injury prevents us from taking part in our favourite sport or activity. Strained muscles, torn knee ligaments, ankle tendon injuries, metatarsalOne of five long, cylindrical bones of the foot. They are held in an arch by surrounding ligaments. fracture, damage to the hip or spine – the list goes on and all cause pain, prevent training and participation and lead to reduced levels of fitness.
As Consultant Shoulder Surgeon, Mr Richard Sinnerton says, "One of the common injuries is the clavicle fracture that occurs with simple falls and which I see most frequently in riders and polo-players."