A UK scientist has developed a pioneering new technique to test the effects of new drugs on the heart by using samples of beating heart tissueA group of cells with a similar structure and a specialised function..
Men and women aged 44 or younger are more likely to agree with financial incentives to encourage women to stop smoking during pregnancythe period from conception to birth and to breast feed compared to those aged 65 and over.
This was a key finding of new research carried out by the University of Stirling, which aimed to assess public acceptance of financial incentives to encourage healthy lifestyle choices. The study also found that people with higher qualifications, or from non-white ethnic groups, and men, were more likely to support the incentives.
The number of people aged 80 and over who are choosing to have elective orthopaedic surgery has increased considerably over recent years. The results of a new study carried out in the USA suggest that orthopaedic procedures are generally safe for older people with mortality rates decreasing for total hip (THR) and total knee (TKR) replacement and spinal fusion surgeries, and complicationA condition that is linked to, or is a consequence of, another disease or procedure. rates decreasing for total knee replacement and spinal fusion in patients with few or no other conditions or diseases.
An analysis of feedback provided by patients and carers suggests that patients with co-existing illnesses struggle to cope with a bewildering array of services and treatments, and that these are often poorly coordinated and lack any continuity of care. Patients and carers frequently found that accessing the support they needed was a challenge.
Research scientists based at the Wingate Institute for Neurogastroenterology, part of Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, believe that they have discovered a way of treating obesityExcess accumulation of fat in the body. that will remove the need for gastric bypassA surgical procedure to bypass the stomach, so that fewer calories are absorbed by the body. surgery. They have discovered that the lower intestineThe section of gut, or gastrointestinal tract, from the stomach to the anus. could be targeted by a special food supplements which would trick the brain into thinking the stomachthe organ or the body where food is stored and broken down is full.
Patients with cardiovascular diseaseDisease of the heart and blood vessels, usually due to atherosclerosis. are often prescribed generic medications such as lipid-lowering drugs, anticoagulants and antiarrhythmic agents. Although particular types of medication are therapeutically interchangeable from brand to brand the appearances of individual pills vary in shape and colour. New research carried out by Harvard Medical School suggests that prescribing cardiacRelating to the heart drugs that differ in appearance from previously prescribed medication can affect whether patients continue to take them and impact on treatment outcomes.
As men age the size of the prostateA gland that surrounds the urethra near the bladder. It produces a fluid that forms part of the semen.glandAn organ with the ability to make and secrete certain fluids. often increases blocking the flow of urine from the bladderThe organ that stores urine. and causing unpleasant symptoms such as frequent urinationThe passing of urine from the body., weak urine stream and a persistent feeling of having to urinate. This condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasiaEnlargement of the prostate, which may cause difficulty in passing urine. (BPHAn abbreviation for benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is enlargement of the prostate that may cause difficulty in passing urine.) and it is extremely common, affecting more than half of men by the age of 60.