The problem with prostateA gland that surrounds the urethra near the bladder. It produces a fluid that forms part of the semen.cancerAbnormal, uncontrolled cell division resulting in a malignant tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. is in knowing whether you have an aggressive form of the cancer and therefore require a surgical option, or if you have a less agressive form of the disease - which is more likely. The aggressiveness of prostate cancer can now be measured using a genomic test called Prolaris. The Prolaris test measures a key feature of cancer growth, namely 'cellThe basic unit of all living organisms. proliferation', and whether the genes for cancer cell proliferation are 'expressed'.
Genetic testing can be arranged direct to the consumer (DTC), but because the science is advancing so rapidly it is recommended by the National Genome Research Institute to discuss the testing process first with a qualified medical specialist or appropriate genetics counsellor. As in any market, there are many companies seeking to meet the emerging demand by providing testing services, and the quality plus levels of accreditation of these providers will vary.
A leading microbiologist, Professor Rosemary Barnes is personal chair of Cardiff University’s Institute of Infection & Immunity and she has warned of the increasing threat that killer fungi poses to humans and the environment. She says, “For most people, fungal disease means a bit of athlete’s foot or a manky-looking toe nail. These maybe irritating and unsightly, but fungi can do far worse.
A new antibiotic effective against a broad range of superbugs including MRSA, which the scientists are calling Teixobactin has been discovered. Teixobactin also appears to be effective at fighting a raft of other superbugs and increasingly diffficult to treat infections including enterococci, Mycobacterium tuberculosisAn infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium Tuberculosis., Clostridium difficile and Bacillus anthracis.
In many patients reduction in medication parallels the increase in the therapeutic electric current
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) and Occipital Nerve Stimulation (ONS) are all forms of Neuromodulation. They can be highly effective forms of treatment for a range of conditions from Parkinson's Disease and tremorShaking or trembling due to involuntary muscle movements. to chronicA disease of long duration generally involving slow changes. neuropathic pain and cluster headacheA type of frequent headache that recurs regularly in clusters, with pain-free intervals in between, and is associated with a runny nose (rhinitis) and increased tear production.
The component parts of the spine including the vertebrae, vertebralAffecting the vertebrae, the bones of the spine, or the joints between them discs, nervesBundles of fibres that carry information in the form of electrical impulses. and muscles normally all work in perfect harmony. However, despite millions of years of evolution and the transition to the vertical, our backs are still highly proneLying face-downwards. to damage or degeneration and often struggle with the more sedentary demands of the modern work place.
As Dr Knut Schroeder explains, "No such thing exists as a standard cure for back pain". There are many different types of treatment available from a range of different specialists. The one thing most doctors advise is that bed rest is usually not appropriate because it can slow the recovery. So, it is (in most cases) important to get on top of the pain and to keep gently moving.
Patients with sciaticaPain that radiates along the sciatic nerve, which is the main nerve in each leg and the largest nerve in the body. caused by a slipped (or herniated) disc and requiring surgery need to be individually assessed prior to being offered endoscopic microdisectomy. No two backs are the same, and there are a number of spine and biomechanical considerations that must be conducted first to assess how well an individual patient is likely to respond when reviewing all best treatment options.
Patients who have recently been diagnosed with uterine fibroidsBenign tumours, most often in the uterus., or who have suffered from fibroids in the past are being asked to get involved by providing their thoughts and attitudes towards the condition, for the benefit of other women.